Touristic Information
ASSOS ANCIENT CITY
The history of Assos Ancient City goes back to 6th Century B.C. The city was faced to the sea and people were climbing down via terraces to the sea. After the Ottoman Empire had settled to the area, the settlement moved to the opposite site and Behramkale village was founded. 

The city was built on an extinct volcanic hill, between andesite rocks and 236m high from the sea.  Andesite stone was used during the construction of buildings. Altough Assos stone is hard to handle, it is a durable stone; the old people called it ,man eater.  Sarcophaguses made from this stone had been exported in the old days.

The first archeological excavation was made between 1881-1883 in Assos by an American archeologist group. In 1981, during the second start of the excavation, necropol was the first to be discovered.

WALLS
 The circumference of the city is covered with 3200m long and 20m high walls. The walls were built in 4th century B.C. There are two main gates that provide access to the city. The area in front of the West and East gates are used as necropolis. Besides simple tombs also grandiose burial places are found. 

NECROPOLIS
It was discovered that the necropolis had been used as graveyard for 9 centuries. The oldest burials were found in jars as ashes. In the latter periods, the burials were in jars but as bodies in the shape of embryos inside a mother's womb.  There were presents put besides the bodies as presents. Then sarcophaguses were used as graves. As the sarcophaguses were closer to the surface, they were easy to discover and most of them were rubbed by treasure hunters. The most interesting present for the dead inside the sarcophaguses was a sculpture of women's orchestra. 


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